The drainage of land helps control problems of water infiltration. This system is placed at the foot of the foundations of a building, to limit the humidity that may damage the concrete or the concrete slab.
Basement agricultural drainage
The most commonly used basement drainage system is a special pipe covered with a geotextile material.
Through the pipe, the water passes through. Geotextile cover is crucial as it prevents soil and other materials from entering the pipe and causing a blockage.
The term drainage is used mainly in the following contexts:
- Simple drainage: It is used to remove soil or unwanted rainwater below the surface of the ground.
- Drainage of buildings: Drainage technology is a branch of wastewater engineering that deals with the collection and discharge of wastewater from buildings, land, and public transport.
- Sewerage: A collection of wastewater and rainwater in residential or industrial areas, as well as traffic areas (streets, squares), generally in free fall that passes through Under Deck Patio. There are several sewages: they are sewer pipe, sewage pumping station, sewage pressure pipe.
Development: draining to wet meadows and fields
Water can be drained by drains or small ditches in Under Deck Patio. Water flows through these evacuation means to larger waterways, which function as drainage. Drying can only work if the drainage is also good. Drainage does not result in desiccation in microorganisms
Drainage can be accomplished by natural or artificial removal of excess surface water and soil, as well as dissolved salts, to improve aeration and promote crop growth. In the case of natural drainage, excess water flows from fields to lakes (natural cages), swamps, and rivers. In an artificial system, excess groundwater or surface water is removed by underground or surface conduits that may be artificial or natural.
A distinction is made between the canals Open drainage like drainage channels, ditches, surplus floods, and waters receiving and closed drainage systems like water pipes, pipes for watering. In closed drainage, there is drainage without pressure and under pressure.
In agriculture, changes in the mode of use may be considered as additional causes, such as intensification of the land, resulting in decreased plant growth and thus decreased plant evaporation or switch to irrigation.
Environmental Technical Drainage
With technical drainage for the environment, measurements are described using technical systems that counteract the flooding of structures and agricultural areas. For this purpose, water is captured and derived in a targeted way. These bottlenecks can have different causes: high level of groundwater, extraordinary water inflow (precipitation), sewage, black water, runoff water.
As a technical system, the drainage of pipelines is mainly used. In special cases, wells are used in the absence of a drain free. The special requirement for special structures to create both support systems and drainage systems can be advantageously solved by a drainage wall.
Sanitary drainage summarizes all the pipes through which wastewater is transferred.